Africa is to learn to self-improvement, could not get use aid
Tag: Africa self-improvement, Africa self-improvement aid
Summary: Africa is a very poverty, backwardness of the country, As a result, countries around the world to Africa to give some assistance, in particular, is China。
Africa is a very poverty, backwardness of the country, As a result, countries around the world to Africa to give some assistance, in particular, is China, Africa, assistance to large country but rely on aid can not be thoroughly change the status quo in Africa to be strong together, not accustomed to assistance.
In her controversial 2009 book, "Dead Aid," Zambian economist Dambisa Moyo imagined donors calling African countries and telling them they could only rely on their generosity for another 5 years and then their aid would be cut - permanently.
This is not going to happen, but belt-tightening means ambitious targets for African aid are being scaled back, and governments in the region are going to have to get used to it.
According to the OECD, its 23 members in 2011 provided $133.5 billion of net official development assistance, a fall of 2.7 percent. The total was equal to 0.31 percent of their combined gross national income.
In fact many critics argue just the opposite: that it has stifled growth by creating a condition of dependency; has given corrupt officials rich pickings; and been used for white elephant projects that accomplished nothing.
Supporters of aid say it is crucial to save lives and give hope or a hand up to the very poorest. While they admit mistakes in the past they also often say it needs to be more targeted or subjected to increased scrutiny.
There may be evidence of this on the ground. Take the case of Malawi, which has had hundreds of millions of dollars in aid frozen, admittedly over governance and human rights issues.
"Cutting aid is no way to balance the books. Even small cuts in aid cost lives as people are denied life-saving medicines and clean water. Aid is such a tiny part of budgets that cutting it has no discernible impact on deficits - it is like cutting your hair to lose weight," said Oxfam.
Oxfam said the $133 billion spent on aid last year was dwarfed by the $1 trillion rich countries spend on their militaries or the $400 billion spent worldwide on cosmetics.
Overall, bi-lateral aid to sub-Saharan Africa fell 0.9 percent to $28 billion - a small amount when one considers the fragility of the global economy.
For the continent as a whole aid rose 0.9 percent as donors provided more money to North Africa after the revolutions which shook the region last year.
The declines also come after several years of increases so there is still obviously more aid flowing to Africa than there was a decade ago.
Not all countries gave less last year: Germany gave almost six percent more, according to the OECD. Italy spent 33 percent more on aid because of a surge of refugees from North Africa.Still, given the current economic climate, African governments would do well to brace themselves for more cuts.