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Malaria affects Africa economic growth

         Date: 2012-05-02

           Tag: Africa economic, Africa economic growth

Summary: An Executive Secretary of African Media Malaria Research Network (AMMREN), Mrs Charity Binka has observed that malaria affected the socio-economic development and wellbeing of Ghanaians.

An Executive Secretary of African Media Malaria Research Network (AMMREN), Mrs Charity Binka has observed that malaria affected the socio-economic development and wellbeing of Ghanaians.

She has therefore, called on individuals, government, health workers and stakeholders in the health sector to ensure stronger partnership in the fight against the disease.

Mrs Binka made the observation at a forum in Accra, organised by AMMREN to mark World Malaria Day 2012, on the theme: "Sustain Gains, Save Lives; Invest in Malaria".

The Network was supported by Indepth Network Effectiveness Safety and Study and Women, Media and Change and African Leaders Malaria Alliance.

The Day is to recognise global efforts, to effectively control malaria and to give the country the opportunity to review, analyse and plan the way forward to improve on initiatives and programmes.

She said malaria, which is caused by parasites transmitted to people through infected female anopheles mosquitoes, was a life threatening disease that continued to kill people.

Mrs Binka said in Africa Malaria accounts for 40 per cent of public health expenditure and added that about three million deaths are recorded each year, mostly among children under five years and pregnant women.

She said in Ghana malaria affected economic growth and development and stressed that on the average, about 3,859 deaths were recorded annually due to malaria. She added that out of the total number recorded; 1,500 were children under-five years and 60 pregnant women.

Ms Binka said though mortality among children under five had decreased from 120 per 1000 to 80 per 1000, “Many more lives can be saved through implementation of proven and innovative interventions".
She urged the public to seek appropriate treatment for malaria and use insecticide treated nets to minimise the effects of the disease.

Speaking on the topic, "Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies (ACTS), Threat of Resistance and the Affordable Medicines Facility – Malaria (AMFm)," a Pharmacist at the Police Hospital, Ms Ellen Sam, said ACTS was currently considered the world’s best treatment for malaria and that the ACTs was a major factor in the huge strides made in combating malaria.

Artemisinin, extract is from the tree Artemisia annua used in China to cure fever for more than 1,000 years and ACTS are made of two drugs: the artemisinin, which is potent but fast clearing and partner drug, which was slowly eliminated.

Ms Sam said: “It is far more complicated for a parasite to develop resistance to the two drugs used for the combination.”

She explained that the rational for ACTs was its fastest rate of parasite clearance, hence quick reduction in morbidity and low mortality.

Ms Sam called for concerted efforts to stop the sale of fake and substandard drugs, and the use of single drug treatment.

In a related development, the Director of Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, at the University of Ghana Medical School, Professor Alex Dodoo, said malaria killed a child every minute in 2010, and that among half of all malaria-endemic countries in Africa, more than 80 per cent of cases were still being treated without diagnostic testing.

He said access to ACTs were the most effective medicines for treating uncomplicated malaria, yet millions of people still lacked access to it.

A Technical Coordinator (West and Central Africa) for African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA), Mr Kwame Agyarko, said the key initiative of ALMA was to promote the banning of oral artemisinin based mono therapies and promote local manufacturing of essential malaria commodities.


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